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TITLE X—PROTECTION OF FAMILY FARMERS AND FAMILY FISHERMEN

SEC. 1001. PERMANENT REENACTMENT OF CHAPTER 12.

    (a) REENACTMENT.—

      (1) IN GENERAL.—Chapter 12 of title 11, United States Code, as reenacted by section 149 of division C of the Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1999 (Public Law 105-277), and as in effect on June 30, 2005, is hereby reenacted.

      (2) EFFECTIVE DATE OF REENACTMENT.—Paragraph (1) shall take effect on July 1, 2005.

    (b) AMENDMENTS—Chapter 12 of title 11, United States Code, as reenacted by subsection (a), is amended by this Act.

    (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—Section 302 of the Bankruptcy Judges, United States Trustees, and Family Farmer Bankruptcy Act of 1986 (28 U.S.C. 581 note) is amended by striking subsection (f).

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1002. DEBT LIMIT INCREASE.

    Section 104(b) of title 11, United States Code, as amended by section 226, is amended by inserting "101(18)," after "101(3)," each place it appears.


SEC. 1003. CERTAIN CLAIMS OWED TO GOVERNMENTAL UNITS.

    (a) CONTENTS OF PLAN.—Section 1222(a)(2) of title 11, United States Code, as amended by section 213, is amended to read as follows:
      "(2) provide for the full payment, in deferred cash payments, of all claims entitled to priority under section 507, unless—
        "(A) the claim is a claim owed to a governmental unit that arises as a result of the sale, transfer, exchange, or other disposition of any farm asset used in the debtor's farming operation, in which case the claim shall be treated as an unsecured claim that is not entitled to priority under section 507, but the debt shall be treated in such manner only if the debtor receives a discharge; or
        "(B) the holder of a particular claim agrees to a different treatment of that claim;".

    (b) SPECIAL NOTICE PROVISIONS.—Section 1231(b) of title 11, United States Code, as so designated by section 719, is amended by striking "a State or local governmental unit" and inserting "any governmental unit".

    (c) EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENTS.—This section and the amendments made by this section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall not apply with respect to cases commenced under title 11 of the United States Code before such date.

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1004. DEFINITION OF FAMILY FARMER.

    Section 101(18) of title 11, United States Code, is amended—

      (1) in subparagraph (A)

        (A) by striking "$1,500,000" and inserting "$3,237,000"; and

        (B) by striking "80" and inserting "50"; and

        (A) by striking "$1,500,000" and inserting "$3,237,000"; and

        (B) by striking "80" and inserting "50".

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1005. ELIMINATION OF REQUIREMENT THAT FAMILY FARMER AND SPOUSE RECEIVE OVER 50 PERCENT OF INCOME FROM FARMING OPERATION IN YEAR PRIOR TO BANKRUPTCY.

    Section 101(18)(A) of title 11, United States Code, is amended by striking "for the taxable year preceding the taxable year" and inserting the following:
        "for—
          "(i) the taxable year preceding; or
          "(ii) each of the 2d and 3d taxable years preceding;
        the taxable year".


SEC. 1006. PROHIBITION OF RETROACTIVE ASSESSMENT OF DISPOSABLE INCOME.

    (a) CONFIRMATION OF PLAN.—Section 1225(b)(1) of title 11, United States Code, is amended—

      (1) in subparagraph (A) by striking "or" at the end;

      (2) in subparagraph (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting "; or"; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following:
      "(C) the value of the property to be distributed under the plan in the 3-year period, or such longer period as the court may approve under section 1222(c), beginning on the date that the first distribution is due under the plan is not less than the debtor's projected disposable income for such period.".

    (b) MODIFICATION OF PLAN.—Section 1229 of title 11, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    "(d) A plan may not be modified under this section—
      "(1) to increase the amount of any payment due before the plan as modified becomes the plan;
      "(2) by anyone except the debtor, based on an increase in the debtor's disposable income, to increase the amount of payments to unsecured creditors required for a particular month so that the aggregate of such payments exceeds the debtor's disposable income for such month; or
      "(3) in the last year of the plan by anyone except the debtor, to require payments that would leave the debtor with insufficient funds to carry on the farming operation after the plan is completed.".

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1007. FAMILY FISHERMEN.

    (a) DEFINITIONS.—Section 101 of title 11, United States Code, is amended—

      (1) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following:
      "(7A) 'commercial fishing operation' means—
        "(A) the catching or harvesting of fish, shrimp, lobsters, urchins, seaweed, shellfish, or other aquatic species or products of such species; or
        "(B) for purposes of section 109 and chapter 12, aquaculture activities consisting of raising for market any species or product described in subparagraph (A);
      "(7B) 'commercial fishing vessel' means a vessel used by a family fisherman to carry out a commercial fishing operation;"; and

      (2) by inserting after paragraph (19) the following:
      "(19A) 'family fisherman' means—
        "(A) an individual or individual and spouse engaged in a commercial fishing operation—
          "(i) whose aggregate debts do not exceed $1,500,000 and not less than 80 percent of whose aggregate noncontingent, liquidated debts (excluding a debt for the principal residence of such individual or such individual and spouse, unless such debt arises out of a commercial fishing operation), on the date the case is filed, arise out of a commercial fishing operation owned or operated by such individual or such individual and spouse; and
          "(ii) who receive from such commercial fishing operation more than 50 percent of such individual's or such individual's and spouse's gross income for the taxable year preceding the taxable year in which the case concerning such individual or such individual and spouse was filed; or
        "(B) a corporation or partnership—
          "(i) in which more than 50 percent of the outstanding stock or equity is held by—
            "(I) 1 family that conducts the commercial fishing operation; or
            "(II) 1 family and the relatives of the members of such family, and such family or such relatives conduct the commercial fishing operation; and

          "(ii)(I) more than 80 percent of the value of its assets consists of assets related to the commercial fishing operation;

          "(II) its aggregate debts do not exceed $1,500,000 and not less than 80 percent of its aggregate noncontingent, liquidated debts (excluding a debt for 1 dwelling which is owned by such corporation or partnership and which a shareholder or partner maintains as a principal residence, unless such debt arises out of a commercial fishing operation), on the date the case is filed, arise out of a commercial fishing operation owned or operated by such corporation or such partnership; and

          "(III) if such corporation issues stock, such stock is not publicly traded;

      "(19B) 'family fisherman with regular annual income' means a family fisherman whose annual income is sufficiently stable and regular to enable such family fisherman to make payments under a plan under chapter 12 of this title;".

    (b) WHO MAY BE A DEBTOR.—Section 109(f) of title 11, United States Code, is amended by inserting "or family fisherman" after "family farmer".

    (c) CHAPTER 12.—Chapter 12 of title 11, United States Code, is amended—

      (1) in the chapter heading, by inserting "OR FISHERMAN" after "FAMILY FARMER";

      (2) in section 1203, by inserting "or commercial fishing operation" after "farm"; and

      (3) in section 1206, by striking "if the property is farmland or farm equipment" and inserting "if the property is farmland, farm equipment, or property used to carry out a commercial fishing operation (including a commercial fishing vessel)".

    (d) CLERICAL AMENDMENT.—In the table of chapters for title 11, United States Code, the item relating to chapter 12, is amended to read as follows:

    "12. Adjustments of Debts of a Family Farmer or Family Fisherman with Regular Annual Income . . . . . . . .

    1201".

    (e) APPLICABILITY.—Nothing in this section shall change, affect, or amend the Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976 (16 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


TITLE XI—HEALTH CARE AND EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

SEC. 1101. DEFINITIONS.

    (a) HEALTH CARE BUSINESS DEFINED.—Section 101 of title 11, United States Code, as amended by section 306, is amended—

      (1) by redesignating paragraph (27A) as paragraph (27B); and

      (2) by inserting after paragraph (27) the following:
      "(27A) 'health care business'—
        "(A) means any public or private entity (without regard to whether that entity is organized for profit or not for profit) that is primarily engaged in offering to the general public facilities and services for—
          "(i) the diagnosis or treatment of injury, deformity, or disease; and
          "(ii) surgical, drug treatment, psychiatric, or obstetric care; and
            "(I) general or specialized hospital;
            "(II) ancillary ambulatory, emergency, or surgical treatment facility;
            "(IV) home health agency; and
            "(V) other health care institution that is similar to an entity referred to in subclause (I), (II), (III), or (IV); and
          "(ii) any long-term care facility, including any—
            "(I) skilled nursing facility;
            "(II) intermediate care facility;
            "(III) assisted living facility;
            "(IV) home for the aged;
            "(V) domiciliary care facility; and
            "(VI) health care institution that is related to a facility referred to in subclause (I), (II), (III), (IV), or (V), if that institution is primarily engaged in offering room, board, laundry, or personal assistance with activities of daily living and incidentals to activities of daily living;".

    (b) PATIENT AND PATIENT RECORDS DEFINED.—Section 101 of title 11, United States Code, is amended by inserting after paragraph (40) the following:
      "(40A) 'patient' means any individual who obtains or receives services from a health care business;
      "(40B) 'patient records' means any written document relating to a patient or a record recorded in a magnetic, optical, or other form of electronic medium;".

    (c) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—The amendments made by subsection (a) of this section shall not affect the interpretation of section 109(b) of title 11, United States Code.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1102. DISPOSAL OF PATIENT RECORDS.

    (a) IN GENERAL.—Subchapter III of chapter 3 of title 11, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

"Sec. 351. Disposal of patient records

    "If a health care business commences a case under chapter 7, 9, or 11, and the trustee does not have a sufficient amount of funds to pay for the storage of patient records in the manner required under applicable Federal or State law, the following requirements shall apply:
      "(1) The trustee shall—
        "(A) promptly publish notice, in 1 or more appropriate newspapers, that if patient records are not claimed by the patient or an insurance provider (if applicable law permits the insurance provider to make that claim) by the date that is 365 days after the date of that notification, the trustee will destroy the patient records; and
        "(B) during the first 180 days of the 365-day period described in subparagraph (A), promptly attempt to notify directly each patient that is the subject of the patient records and appropriate insurance carrier concerning the patient records by mailing to the most recent known address of that patient, or a family member or contact person for that patient, and to the appropriate insurance carrier an appropriate notice regarding the claiming or disposing of patient records.
      "(2) If, after providing the notification under paragraph (1), patient records are not claimed during the 365-day period described under that paragraph, the trustee shall mail, by certified mail, at the end of such 365-day period a written request to each appropriate Federal agency to request permission from that agency to deposit the patient records with that agency, except that no Federal agency is required to accept patient records under this paragraph.
      "(3) If, following the 365-day period described in paragraph (2) and after providing the notification under paragraph (1), patient records are not claimed by a patient or insurance provider, or request is not granted by a Federal agency to deposit such records with that agency, the trustee shall destroy those records by—
        "(A) if the records are written, shredding or burning the records; or
        "(B) if the records are magnetic, optical, or other electronic records, by otherwise destroying those records so that those records cannot be retrieved.".

    (b) CLERICAL AMENDMENT.—The table of sections for subchapter III of chapter 3 of title 11, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
      "351. Disposal of patient records.".

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1103. ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSE CLAIM FOR COSTS OF CLOSING A HEALTH CARE BUSINESS AND OTHER ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES.

    Section 503(b) of title 11, United States Code, as amended by section 445, is amended by adding at the end the following:
      "(8) the actual, necessary costs and expenses of closing a health care business incurred by a trustee or by a Federal agency (as defined in section 551(1) of title 5) or a department or agency of a State or political subdivision thereof, including any cost or expense incurred—
        "(A) in disposing of patient records in accordance with section 351; or
        "(B) in connection with transferring patients from the health care business that is in the process of being closed to another health care business; and".

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1104. APPOINTMENT OF OMBUDSMAN TO ACT AS PATIENT ADVOCATE.

    (a) OMBUDSMAN TO ACT AS PATIENT ADVOCATE.—

      (1) APPOINTMENT OF OMBUDSMAN.—Title 11, United States Code, as amended by section 232, is amended by inserting after section 332 the following:

"Sec. 333. Appointment of patient care ombudsman

    "(a)(1) If the debtor in a case under chapter 7, 9, or 11 is a health care business, the court shall order, not later than 30 days after the commencement of the case, the appointment of an ombudsman to monitor the quality of patient care and to represent the interests of the patients of the health care business unless the court finds that the appointment of such ombudsman is not necessary for the protection of patients under the specific facts of the case.

    "(2)(A) If the court orders the appointment of an ombudsman under paragraph (1), the United States trustee shall appoint 1 disinterested person (other than the United States trustee) to serve as such ombudsman.

    "(B) If the debtor is a health care business that provides long-term care, then the United States trustee may appoint the State Long-Term Care Ombudsman appointed under the Older Americans Act of 1965 for the State in which the case is pending to serve as the ombudsman required by paragraph (1).

    "(C) If the United States trustee does not appoint a State Long-Term Care Ombudsman under subparagraph (B), the court shall notify the State Long-Term Care Ombudsman appointed under the Older Americans Act of 1965 for the State in which the case is pending, of the name and address of the person who is appointed under subparagraph (A).

    "(b) An ombudsman appointed under subsection (a) shall—
      "(1) monitor the quality of patient care provided to patients of the debtor, to the extent necessary under the circumstances, including interviewing patients and physicians;
      "(2) not later than 60 days after the date of appointment, and not less frequently than at 60-day intervals thereafter, report to the court after notice to the parties in interest, at a hearing or in writing, regarding the quality of patient care provided to patients of the debtor; and
      "(3) if such ombudsman determines that the quality of patient care provided to patients of the debtor is declining significantly or is otherwise being materially compromised, file with the court a motion or a written report, with notice to the parties in interest immediately upon making such determination.

    "(c)(1) An ombudsman appointed under subsection (a) shall maintain any information obtained by such ombudsman under this section that relates to patients (including information relating to patient records) as confidential information. Such ombudsman may not review confidential patient records unless the court approves such review in advance and imposes restrictions on such ombudsman to protect the confidentiality of such records.

    "(2) An ombudsman appointed under subsection (a)(2)(B) shall have access to patient records consistent with authority of such ombudsman under the Older Americans Act of 1965 and under non-Federal laws governing the State Long-Term Care Ombudsman program.".

      (2) CLERICAL AMENDMENT.—The table of sections for subchapter II of chapter 3 of title 11, United States Code, as amended by section 232, is amended by adding at the end the following:
      "333. Appointment of ombudsman.".

    (b) COMPENSATION OF OMBUDSMAN.—Section 330(a)(1) of title 11, United States Code, is amended—

      (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting "an ombudsman appointed under section 333, or" before "a professional person"; and

      (2) in subparagraph (A), by inserting "ombudsman," before "professional person".

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1105. DEBTOR IN POSSESSION; DUTY OF TRUSTEE TO TRANSFER PATIENTS.

    (a) IN GENERAL.—Section 704(a) of title 11, United States Code, as amended by sections 102, 219, and 446, is amended by adding at the end the following:
      "(12) use all reasonable and best efforts to transfer patients from a health care business that is in the process of being closed to an appropriate health care business that—
        "(A) is in the vicinity of the health care business that is closing;
        "(B) provides the patient with services that are substantially similar to those provided by the health care business that is in the process of being closed; and
        "(C) maintains a reasonable quality of care.".

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—Section 1106(a)(1) of title 11, United States Code, as amended by section 446, is amended by striking "and (11)" and inserting "(11), and (12)".

 

 

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1106. EXCLUSION FROM PROGRAM PARTICIPATION NOT SUBJECT TO AUTOMATIC STAY.

    Section 362(b) of title 11, United States Code, is amended by inserting after paragraph (27), as amended by sections 224, 303, 311, 401, 718, and 907, the following:
      "(28) under subsection (a), of the exclusion by the Secretary of Health and Human Services of the debtor from participation in the medicare program or any other Federal health care program (as defined in section 1128B(f) of the Social Security Act pursuant to title XI or XVIII of such Act).".


TITLE XII—TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS

SEC. 1201. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 101 of title 11, United States Code, as amended by this Act, is further amended—

      (1) by striking "In this title—" and inserting "In this title the following definitions shall apply:";

      (2) in each paragraph (other than paragraph (54A)), by inserting "The term" after the paragraph designation;

      (3) in paragraph (35)(B), by striking "paragraphs (21B) and (33)(A)" and inserting "paragraphs (23) and (35)";

      (4) in each of paragraphs (35A), (38), and (54A), by striking "; and" at the end and inserting a period;

      (5) in paragraph (51B)

        (A) by inserting "who is not a family farmer" after "debtor" the first place it appears; and

        (B) by striking "thereto having aggregate" and all that follows through the end of the paragraph and inserting a semicolon;

      (6) by striking paragraph (54) and inserting the following:
      "(54) The term 'transfer' means—
        "(A) the creation of a lien;
        "(B) the retention of title as a security interest;
        "(C) the foreclosure of a debtor's equity of redemption; or
        "(D) each mode, direct or indirect, absolute or conditional, voluntary or involuntary, of disposing of or parting with—
          "(ii) an interest in property;";

      (7) in paragraph (54A)

        (A) by striking "the term" and inserting "The term"; and

        (B) by indenting the left margin of paragraph (54A) 2 ems to the right; and

      (8) in each of paragraphs (1) through (35), in each of paragraphs (36), (37), (38A), (38B) and (39A), and in each of paragraphs (40) through (55), by striking the semicolon at the end and inserting a period.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1202. ADJUSTMENT OF DOLLAR AMOUNTS.

    Section 104(b) of title 11, United States Code, as amended by this Act, is further amended—

      (1) by inserting "101(19A)," after "101(18)," each place it appears;

      (2) by inserting "522(f)(3) and 522(f)(4)," after "522(d)," each place it appears;

      (3) by inserting "541(b), 547(c)(9)," after "523(a)(2)(C)," each place it appears;

      (4) in paragraph (1), by striking "and 1325(b)(3)" and inserting "1322(d), 1325(b), and 1326(b)(3) of this title and section 1409(b) of title 28"; and

      (5) in paragraph (2), by striking "and 1325(b)(3) of this title" and inserting "1322(d), 1325(b), and 1326(b)(3) of this title and section 1409(b) of title 28".

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1203. EXTENSION OF TIME.

    Section 108(c)(2) of title 11, United States Code, is amended by striking "922" and all that follows through "or", and inserting "922, 1201, or".


SEC. 1204. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

    Title 11, United States Code, is amended—

      (1) in section 109(b)(2), by striking "subsection (c) or (d) of"; and

      (2) in section 552(b)(1), by striking "product" each place it appears and inserting "products".


SEC. 1205. PENALTY FOR PERSONS WHO NEGLIGENTLY OR FRAUDULENTLY PREPARE BANKRUPTCY PETITIONS.

    Section 110(j)(4) of title 11, United States Code, as so redesignated by section 221, is amended by striking "attorney's" and inserting "attorneys".


SEC. 1206. LIMITATION ON COMPENSATION OF PROFESSIONAL PERSONS.

    Section 328(a) of title 11, United States Code, is amended by inserting "on a fixed or percentage fee basis," after "hourly basis,".


SEC. 1207. EFFECT OF CONVERSION.

    Section 348(f)(2) of title 11, United States Code, is amended by inserting "of the estate" after "property" the first place it appears.


SEC. 1208. ALLOWANCE OF ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES.

    Section 503(b)(4) of title 11, United States Code, is amended by inserting "subparagraph (A), (B), (C), (D), or (E) of" before "paragraph (3)".


SEC. 1209. EXCEPTIONS TO DISCHARGE.

    Section 523 of title 11, United States Code, as amended by sections 215 and 314, is amended—

      (1) by transferring paragraph (15), as added by section 304(e) of Public Law 103-394 (108 Stat. 4133), so as to insert such paragraph after subsection (a)(14A);

      (2) in subsection (a)(9), by striking "motor vehicle" and inserting "motor vehicle, vessel, or aircraft"; and

      (3) in subsection (e), by striking "a insured" and inserting "an insured".

 

 


SEC. 1210. EFFECT OF DISCHARGE.

    Section 524(a)(3) of title 11, United States Code, is amended by striking "section 523" and all that follows through "or that" and inserting "section 523, 1228(a)(1), or 1328(a)(1), or that".


SEC. 1211. PROTECTION AGAINST DISCRIMINATORY TREATMENT.

    Section 525(c) of title 11, United States Code, is amended—

      (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting "student" before "grant" the second place it appears; and

      (2) in paragraph (2), by striking "the program operated under part B, D, or E of" and inserting "any program operated under".


SEC. 1212. PROPERTY OF THE ESTATE.

    Section 541(b)(4)(B)(ii) of title 11, United States Code, is amended by inserting "365 or" before "542".


SEC. 1213. PREFERENCES.

    (a) IN GENERAL.—Section 547 of title 11, United States Code, as amended by section 201, is amended—

      (1) in subsection (b), by striking "subsection (c)" and inserting "subsections (c) and (i)"; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following:
    "(i) If the trustee avoids under subsection (b) a transfer made between 90 days and 1 year before the date of the filing of the petition, by the debtor to an entity that is not an insider for the benefit of a creditor that is an insider, such transfer shall be considered to be avoided under this section only with respect to the creditor that is an insider.".

    (b) APPLICABILITY.—The amendments made by this section shall apply to any case that is pending or commenced on or after the date of enactment of this Act.

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1214. POSTPETITION TRANSACTIONS.

    Section 549(c) of title 11, United States Code, is amended—

      (1) by inserting "an interest in" after "transfer of" each place it appears;

      (2) by striking "such property" and inserting "such real property"; and

      (3) by striking "the interest" and inserting "such interest".

 

 


SEC. 1215. DISPOSITION OF PROPERTY OF THE ESTATE.

    Section 726(b) of title 11, United States Code, is amended by striking "1009,".


SEC. 1216. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    Section 901(a) of title 11, United States Code, is amended by inserting "1123(d)," after "1123(b),".


SEC. 1217. ABANDONMENT OF RAILROAD LINE.

    Section 1170(e)(1) of title 11, United States Code, is amended by striking "section 11347" and inserting "section 11326(a)".


SEC. 1218. CONTENTS OF PLAN.

    Section 1172(c)(1) of title 11, United States Code, is amended by striking "section 11347" and inserting "section 11326(a)".


SEC. 1219. BANKRUPTCY CASES AND PROCEEDINGS.

    Section 1334(d) of title 28, United States Code, is amended—

      (1) by striking "made under this subsection" and inserting "made under subsection (c)"; and

      (2) by striking "This subsection" and inserting "Subsection (c) and this subsection".


SEC. 1220. KNOWING DISREGARD OF BANKRUPTCY LAW OR RULE.

    Section 156(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended—

      (1) in the first undesignated paragraph—

        (A) by inserting "(1) the term" before "bankruptcy"; and

        (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting "; and"; and

      (2) in the second undesignated paragraph—

        (A) by inserting "(2) the term" before "document"; and

        (B) by striking "this title" and inserting "title 11".

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1221. TRANSFERS MADE BY NONPROFIT CHARITABLE CORPORATIONS.

    (a) SALE OF PROPERTY OF ESTATE.—Section 363(d) of title 11, United States Code, is amended by striking "only" and all that follows through the end of the subsection and inserting "only—
      "(1) in accordance with applicable nonbankruptcy law that governs the transfer of property by a corporation or trust that is not a moneyed, business, or commercial corporation or trust; and
      "(2) to the extent not inconsistent with any relief granted under subsection (c), (d), (e), or (f) of section 362.".

    (b) CONFIRMATION OF PLAN OF REORGANIZATION.—Section 1129(a) of title 11, United States Code, as amended by sections 213 and 321, is amended by adding at the end the following:
      "(16) All transfers of property of the plan shall be made in accordance with any applicable provisions of nonbankruptcy law that govern the transfer of property by a corporation or trust that is not a moneyed, business, or commercial corporation or trust.".

    (c) TRANSFER OF PROPERTY.—Section 541 of title 11, United States Code, as amended by section 225, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    "(f) Notwithstanding any other provision of this title, property that is held by a debtor that is a corporation described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from tax under section 501(a) of such Code may be transferred to an entity that is not such a corporation, but only under the same conditions as would apply if the debtor had not filed a case under this title.".

    (d) APPLICABILITY.—The amendments made by this section shall apply to a case pending under title 11, United States Code, on the date of enactment of this Act, or filed under that title on or after that date of enactment, except that the court shall not confirm a plan under chapter 11 of title 11, United States Code, without considering whether this section would substantially affect the rights of a party in interest who first acquired rights with respect to the debtor after the date of the filing of the petition. The parties who may appear and be heard in a proceeding under this section include the attorney general of the State in which the debtor is incorporated, was formed, or does business.

    (e) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in this section shall be construed to require the court in which a case under chapter 11 of title 11, United States Code, is pending to remand or refer any proceeding, issue, or controversy to any other court or to require the approval of any other court for the transfer of property.

 

 

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1222. PROTECTION OF VALID PURCHASE MONEY SECURITY INTERESTS.

    Section 547(c)(3)(B) of title 11, United States Code, is amended by striking "20" and inserting "30".


SEC. 1223. BANKRUPTCY JUDGESHIPS.

    (a) SHORT TITLE.—This section may be cited as the "Bankruptcy Judgeship Act of 2005".

    (b) TEMPORARY JUDGESHIPS.—

      (1) APPOINTMENTS.—The following bankruptcy judges shall be appointed in the manner prescribed in section 152(a)(1) of title 28, United States Code, for the appointment of bankruptcy judges provided for in section 152(a)(2) of such title:

        (A) One additional bankruptcy judge for the eastern district of California.

        (B) Three additional bankruptcy judges for the central district of California.

        (C) Four additional bankruptcy judges for the district of Delaware.

        (D) Two additional bankruptcy judges for the southern district of Florida.

        (E) One additional bankruptcy judge for the southern district of Georgia.

        (F) Three additional bankruptcy judges for the district of Maryland.

        (G) One additional bankruptcy judge for the eastern district of Michigan.

        (H) One additional bankruptcy judge for the southern district of Mississippi.
        (I) One additional bankruptcy judge for the district of New Jersey.

        (J) One additional bankruptcy judge for the eastern district of New York.

        (K) One additional bankruptcy judge for the northern district of New York.

        (L) One additional bankruptcy judge for the southern district of New York.

        (M) One additional bankruptcy judge for the eastern district of North Carolina.

        (N) One additional bankruptcy judge for the eastern district of Pennsylvania.

        (O) One additional bankruptcy judge for the middle district of Pennsylvania.

        (P) One additional bankruptcy judge for the district of Puerto Rico.

        (Q) One additional bankruptcy judge for the western district of Tennessee.

        (R) One additional bankruptcy judge for the eastern district of Virginia.

        (S) One additional bankruptcy judge for the district of South Carolina.

        (T) One additional bankruptcy judge for the district of Nevada.

      (2) VACANCIES.—

        (A) DISTRICTS WITH SINGLE APPOINTMENTS.—Except as provided in subparagraphs (B), (C), (D), and (E), the first vacancy occurring in the office of bankruptcy judge in each of the judicial districts set forth in paragraph (1)—

          (i) occurring 5 years or more after the appointment date of the bankruptcy judge appointed under paragraph (1) to such office; and

          (ii) resulting from the death, retirement, resignation, or removal of a bankruptcy judge;
        shall not be filled.

        (B) CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA.—The 1st, 2d, and 3d vacancies in the office of bankruptcy judge in the central district of California—

          (i) occurring 5 years or more after the respective 1st, 2d, and 3d appointment dates of the bankruptcy judges appointed under paragraph (1)(B); and

          (ii) resulting from the death, retirement, resignation, or removal of a bankruptcy judge;
        shall not be filled.

        (C) DISTRICT OF DELAWARE.—The 1st, 2d, 3d, and 4th vacancies in the office of bankruptcy judge in the district of Delaware—

          (i) occurring 5 years or more after the respective 1st, 2d, 3d, and 4th appointment dates of the bankruptcy judges appointed under paragraph (1)(F); and

          (ii) resulting from the death, retirement, resignation, or removal of a bankruptcy judge;
        shall not be filled.

        (D) SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF FLORIDA.—The 1st and 2d vacancies in the office of bankruptcy judge in the southern district of Florida—

          (i) occurring 5 years or more after the respective 1st and 2d appointment dates of the bankruptcy judges appointed under paragraph (1)(D); and

          (ii) resulting from the death, retirement, resignation, or removal of a bankruptcy judge;
        shall not be filled.

        (E) DISTRICT OF MARYLAND.—The 1st, 2d, and 3d vacancies in the office of bankruptcy judge in the district of Maryland—

          (i) occurring 5 years or more after the respective 1st, 2d, and 3d appointment dates of the bankruptcy judges appointed under paragraph (1)(F); and

          (ii) resulting from the death, retirement, resignation, or removal of a bankruptcy judge;
        shall not be filled.

    (c) EXTENSIONS.—

      (1) IN GENERAL.—The temporary office of bankruptcy judges authorized for the northern district of Alabama, the district of Delaware, the district of Puerto Rico, and the eastern district of Tennessee under paragraphs (1), (3), (7), and (9) of section 3(a) of the Bankruptcy Judgeship Act of 1992 (28 U.S.C. 152 note) are extended until the first vacancy occurring in the office of a bankruptcy judge in the applicable district resulting from the death, retirement, resignation, or removal of a bankruptcy judge and occurring 5 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

      (2) APPLICABILITY OF OTHER PROVISIONS.—All other provisions of section 3 of the Bankruptcy Judgeship Act of 1992 (28 U.S.C. 152 note) remain applicable to the temporary office of bankruptcy judges referred to in this subsection.

    (d) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.—Section 152(a) of title 28, United States Code, is amended—

      (1) in paragraph (1), by striking the first sentence and inserting the following: "Each bankruptcy judge to be appointed for a judicial district, as provided in paragraph (2), shall be appointed by the court of appeals of the United States for the circuit in which such district is located."; and

      (2) in paragraph (2)

        (A) in the item relating to the middle district of Georgia, by striking "2" and inserting "3"; and

        (B) in the collective item relating to the middle and southern districts of Georgia, by striking "Middle and Southern . . . . . . 1".

    (e) EFFECTIVE DATE.—The amendments made by this section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1224. COMPENSATING TRUSTEES.

    Section 1326 of title 11, United States Code, is amended—

      (1) in subsection (b)

        (A) in paragraph (1), by striking "and";

        (B) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and inserting "; and"; and

        (C) by adding at the end the following:
      "(3) if a chapter 7 trustee has been allowed compensation due to the conversion or dismissal of the debtor's prior case pursuant to section 707(b), and some portion of that compensation remains unpaid in a case converted to this chapter or in the case dismissed under section 707(b) and refiled under this chapter, the amount of any such unpaid compensation, which shall be paid monthly—
        "(A) by prorating such amount over the remaining duration of the plan; and
        "(B) by monthly payments not to exceed the greater of—
          "(ii) the amount payable to unsecured nonpriority creditors, as provided by the plan, multiplied by 5 percent, and the result divided by the number of months in the plan."; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following:
    "(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of this title—
      "(1) compensation referred to in subsection (b)(3) is payable and may be collected by the trustee under that paragraph, even if such amount has been discharged in a prior case under this title; and
      "(2) such compensation is payable in a case under this chapter only to the extent permitted by subsection (b)(3).".

 

 

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1225. AMENDMENT TO SECTION 362 OF TITLE 11, UNITED STATES CODE.

    Section 362(b)(18) of title 11, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
      "(18) under subsection (a) of the creation or perfection of a statutory lien for an ad valorem property tax, or a special tax or special assessment on real property whether or not ad valorem, imposed by a governmental unit, if such tax or assessment comes due after the date of the filing of the petition;".


SEC. 1226. JUDICIAL EDUCATION.

    The Director of the Federal Judicial Center, in consultation with the Director of the Executive Office for United States Trustees, shall develop materials and conduct such training as may be useful to courts in implementing this Act and the amendments made by this Act, including the requirements relating to the means test under section 707(b), and reaffirmation agreements under section 524, of title 11 of the United States Code, as amended by this Act.


SEC. 1227. RECLAMATION.

    (a) RIGHTS AND POWERS OF THE TRUSTEE.—Section 546(c) of title 11, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

    "(c)(1) Except as provided in subsection (d) of this section and in section 507(c), and subject to the prior rights of a holder of a security interest in such goods or the proceeds thereof, the rights and powers of the trustee under sections 544(a), 545, 547, and 549 are subject to the right of a seller of goods that has sold goods to the debtor, in the ordinary course of such seller's business, to reclaim such goods if the debtor has received such goods while insolvent, within 45 days before the date of the commencement of a case under this title, but such seller may not reclaim such goods unless such seller demands in writing reclamation of such goods—

      "(A) not later than 45 days after the date of receipt of such goods by the debtor; or

      "(B) not later than 20 days after the date of commencement of the case, if the 45-day period expires after the commencement of the case.

    "(2) If a seller of goods fails to provide notice in the manner described in paragraph (1), the seller still may assert the rights contained in section 503(b)(9).".

    (b) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES.—Section 503(b) of title 11, United States Code, as amended by sections 445 and 1103, is amended by adding at the end the following:
      "(9) the value of any goods received by the debtor within 20 days before the date of commencement of a case under this title in which the goods have been sold to the debtor in the ordinary course of such debtor's business.".

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1228. PROVIDING REQUESTED TAX DOCUMENTS TO THE COURT.

    (a) Chapter 7 Cases.—The court shall not grant a discharge in the case of an individual who is a debtor in a case under chapter 7 of title 11, United States Code, unless requested tax documents have been provided to the court.

    (b) Chapter 11 and Chapter 13 Cases.—The court shall not confirm a plan of reorganization in the case of an individual under chapter 11 or 13 of title 11, United States Code, unless requested tax documents have been filed with the court.

    (c) DOCUMENT RETENTION.—The court shall destroy documents submitted in support of a bankruptcy claim not sooner than 3 years after the date of the conclusion of a case filed by an individual under chapter 7, 11, or 13 of title 11, United States Code. In the event of a pending audit or enforcement action, the court may extend the time for destruction of such requested tax documents.

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1229. ENCOURAGING CREDITWORTHINESS.

    (a) SENSE OF THE CONGRESS.—It is the sense of the Congress that—

      (1) certain lenders may sometimes offer credit to consumers indiscriminately, without taking steps to ensure that consumers are capable of repaying the resulting debt, and in a manner which may encourage certain consumers to accumulate additional debt; and

      (2) resulting consumer debt may increasingly be a major contributing factor to consumer insolvency.

    (b) STUDY REQUIRED.—The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (hereafter in this section referred to as the "Board") shall conduct a study of—

      (1) consumer credit industry practices of soliciting and extending credit—

        (A) indiscriminately;

        (B) without taking steps to ensure that consumers are capable of repaying the resulting debt; and

        (C) in a manner that encourages consumers to accumulate additional debt; and

      (2) the effects of such practices on consumer debt and insolvency.

    (c) REPORT AND REGULATIONS.—Not later than 12 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Board—

      (1) shall make public a report on its findings with respect to the indiscriminate solicitation and extension of credit by the credit industry;

      (2) may issue regulations that would require additional disclosures to consumers; and

      (3) may take any other actions, consistent with its existing statutory authority, that the Board finds necessary to ensure responsible industrywide practices and to prevent resulting consumer debt and insolvency.

 

 

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1230. PROPERTY NO LONGER SUBJECT TO REDEMPTION.

    Section 541(b) of title 11, United States Code, as amended by sections 225 and 323, is amended by adding after paragraph (7), as added by section 323, the following:
      "(8) subject to subchapter III of chapter 5, any interest of the debtor in property where the debtor pledged or sold tangible personal property (other than securities or written or printed evidences of indebtedness or title) as collateral for a loan or advance of money given by a person licensed under law to make such loans or advances, where—
        "(A) the tangible personal property is in the possession of the pledgee or transferee;
        "(B) the debtor has no obligation to repay the money, redeem the collateral, or buy back the property at a stipulated price; and
        "(C) neither the debtor nor the trustee have exercised any right to redeem provided under the contract or State law, in a timely manner as provided under State law and section 108(b); or".

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1231. TRUSTEES.

    (a) SUSPENSION AND TERMINATION OF PANEL TRUSTEES AND STANDING TRUSTEES.—Section 586(d) of title 28, United States Code, is amended—

      (1) by inserting "(1)" after "(d)"; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following:
    "(2) A trustee whose appointment under subsection (a)(1) or under subsection (b) is terminated or who ceases to be assigned to cases filed under title 11, United States Code, may obtain judicial review of the final agency decision by commencing an action in the district court of the United States for the district for which the panel to which the trustee is appointed under subsection (a)(1), or in the district court of the United States for the district in which the trustee is appointed under subsection (b) resides, after first exhausting all available administrative remedies, which if the trustee so elects, shall also include an administrative hearing on the record. Unless the trustee elects to have an administrative hearing on the record, the trustee shall be deemed to have exhausted all administrative remedies for purposes of this paragraph if the agency fails to make a final agency decision within 90 days after the trustee requests administrative remedies. The Attorney General shall prescribe procedures to implement this paragraph. The decision of the agency shall be affirmed by the district court unless it is unreasonable and without cause based on the administrative record before the agency.".

    (b) EXPENSES OF STANDING TRUSTEES.—Section 586(e) of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    "(3) After first exhausting all available administrative remedies, an individual appointed under subsection (b) may obtain judicial review of final agency action to deny a claim of actual, necessary expenses under this subsection by commencing an action in the district court of the United States for the district where the individual resides. The decision of the agency shall be affirmed by the district court unless it is unreasonable and without cause based upon the administrative record before the agency.
    "(4) The Attorney General shall prescribe procedures to implement this subsection.".

 

 

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1232. BANKRUPTCY FORMS.

    Section 2075 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    "The bankruptcy rules promulgated under this section shall prescribe a form for the statement required under section 707(b)(2)(C) of title 11 and may provide general rules on the content of such statement.".


SEC. 1233. DIRECT APPEALS OF BANKRUPTCY MATTERS TO COURTS OF APPEALS.

    (a) APPEALS.—Section 158 of title 28, United States Code, is amended—

      (1) in subsection (c)(1), by striking "Subject to subsection (b)," and inserting "Subject to subsections (b) and (d)(2),"; and

      (2) in subsection (d)

        (A) by inserting "(1)" after "(d)"; and

        (B) by adding at the end the following:

    "(2)(A) The appropriate court of appeals shall have jurisdiction of appeals described in the first sentence of subsection (a) if the bankruptcy court, the district court, or the bankruptcy appellate panel involved, acting on its own motion or on the request of a party to the judgment, order, or decree described in such first sentence, or all the appellants and appellees (if any) acting jointly, certify that—

      "(i) the judgment, order, or decree involves a question of law as to which there is no controlling decision of the court of appeals for the circuit or of the Supreme Court of the United States, or involves a matter of public importance;

      "(ii) the judgment, order, or decree involves a question of law requiring resolution of conflicting decisions; or

      "(iii) an immediate appeal from the judgment, order, or decree may materially advance the progress of the case or proceeding in which the appeal is taken;

    and if the court of appeals authorizes the direct appeal of the judgment, order, or decree.

    "(B) If the bankruptcy court, the district court, or the bankruptcy appellate panel—

      "(i) on its own motion or on the request of a party, determines that a circumstance specified in clause (i), (ii), or (iii) of subparagraph (A) exists; or

      "(ii) receives a request made by a majority of the appellants and a majority of appellees (if any) to make the certification described in subparagraph (A);

    then the bankruptcy court, the district court, or the bankruptcy appellate panel shall make the certification described in subparagraph (A).

    "(C) The parties may supplement the certification with a short statement of the basis for the certification.

    "(D) An appeal under this paragraph does not stay any proceeding of the bankruptcy court, the district court, or the bankruptcy appellate panel from which the appeal is taken, unless the respective bankruptcy court, district court, or bankruptcy appellate panel, or the court of appeals in which the appeal in pending, issues a stay of such proceeding pending the appeal.

    "(E) Any request under subparagraph (B) for certification shall be made not later than 60 days after the entry of the judgment, order, or decree.".

    (b) PROCEDURAL RULES.—

      (1) TEMPORARY APPLICATION.—A provision of this subsection shall apply to appeals under section 158(d)(2) of title 28, United States Code, until a rule of practice and procedure relating to such provision and such appeals is promulgated or amended under chapter 131 of such title.

      (2) CERTIFICATION.—A district court, a bankruptcy court, or a bankruptcy appellate panel may make a certification under section 158(d)(2) of title 28, United States Code, only with respect to matters pending in the respective bankruptcy court, district court, or bankruptcy appellate panel.

      (3) PROCEDURE.—Subject to any other provision of this subsection, an appeal authorized by the court of appeals under section 158(d)(2) of title 28, United States Code, shall be taken in the manner prescribed in subdivisions (a)(1), (b), (c), and (d) of rule 5 of the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure. For purposes of subdivision (a)(1) of rule 5—

        (A) a reference in such subdivision to a district court shall be deemed to include a reference to a bankruptcy court and a bankruptcy appellate panel, as appropriate; and

        (B) a reference in such subdivision to the parties requesting permission to appeal to be served with the petition shall be deemed to include a reference to the parties to the judgment, order, or decree from which the appeal is taken.

      (4) FILING OF PETITION WITH ATTACHMENT.—A petition requesting permission to appeal, that is based on a certification made under subparagraph (A) or (B) of section 158(d)(2) shall—

        (A) be filed with the circuit clerk not later than 10 days after the certification is entered on the docket of the bankruptcy court, the district court, or the bankruptcy appellate panel from which the appeal is taken; and

        (B) have attached a copy of such certification.

      (5) REFERENCES IN RULE 5.—For purposes of rule 5 of the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure—

        (A) a reference in such rule to a district court shall be deemed to include a reference to a bankruptcy court and to a bankruptcy appellate panel; and

        (B) a reference in such rule to a district clerk shall be deemed to include a reference to a clerk of a bankruptcy court and to a clerk of a bankruptcy appellate panel.

      (6) APPLICATION OF RULES.—The Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure shall apply in the courts of appeals with respect to appeals authorized under section 158(d)(2)(A), to the extent relevant and as if such appeals were taken from final judgments, orders, or decrees of the district courts or bankruptcy appellate panels exercising appellate jurisdiction under subsection (a) or (b) of section 158 of title 28, United States Code.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1234. INVOLUNTARY CASES.

    (a) AMENDMENTS.—Section 303 of title 11, United States Code, is amended—

      (1) in subsection (b)(1), by—

        (A) inserting "as to liability or amount" after "bona fide dispute"; and

        (B) striking "if such claims" and inserting "if such noncontingent, undisputed claims"; and

      (2) in subsection (h)(1), by inserting "as to liability or amount" before the semicolon at the end.

    (b) EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENTS.—This section and the amendments made by this section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall apply with respect to cases commenced under title 11 of the United States Code before, on, and after such date.

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1235. FEDERAL ELECTION LAW FINES AND PENALTIES AS NONDISCHARGEABLE DEBT.

    Section 523(a) of title 11, United States Code, as amended by section 314, is amended by inserting after paragraph (14A) the following:
      "(14B) incurred to pay fines or penalties imposed under Federal election law;".


TITLE XIII—CONSUMER CREDIT DISCLOSURE
 

SEC. 1301. ENHANCED DISCLOSURES UNDER AN OPEN END CREDIT PLAN.

    (a) MINIMUM PAYMENT DISCLOSURES.—Section 127(b) of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1637(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

      "(11)(A) In the case of an open end credit plan that requires a minimum monthly payment of not more than 4 percent of the balance on which finance charges are accruing, the following statement, located on the front of the billing statement, disclosed clearly and conspicuously: "Minimum Payment Warning: Making only the minimum payment will increase the interest you pay and the time it takes to repay your balance. For example, making only the typical 2% minimum monthly payment on a balance of $1,000 at an interest rate of 17% would take 88 months to repay the balance in full. For an estimate of the time it would take to repay your balance, making only minimum payments, call this toll-free number: XXXXXX." (the blank space to be filled in by the creditor).

      "(B) In the case of an open end credit plan that requires a minimum monthly payment of more than 4 percent of the balance on which finance charges are accruing, the following statement, in a prominent location on the front of the billing statement, disclosed clearly and conspicuously: 'Minimum Payment Warning: Making only the required minimum payment will increase the interest you pay and the time it takes to repay your balance. Making a typical 5% minimum monthly payment on a balance of $300 at an interest rate of 17% would take 24 months to repay the balance in full. For an estimate of the time it would take to repay your balance, making only minimum monthly payments, call this toll-free number: XXXXXX.' (the blank space to be filled in by the creditor).

      "(C) Notwithstanding subparagraphs (A) and (B), in the case of a creditor with respect to which compliance with this title is enforced by the Federal Trade Commission, the following statement, in a prominent location on the front of the billing statement, disclosed clearly and conspicuously: 'Minimum Payment Warning: Making only the required minimum payment will increase the interest you pay and the time it takes to repay your balance. For example, making only the typical 5% minimum monthly payment on a balance of $300 at an interest rate of 17% would take 24 months to repay the balance in full. For an estimate of the time it would take to repay your balance, making only minimum monthly payments, call the Federal Trade Commission at this toll-free number: XXXXXX.' (the blank space to be filled in by the creditor). A creditor who is subject to this subparagraph shall not be subject to subparagraph (A) or (B).

      "(D) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), (B), or (C), in complying with any such subparagraph, a creditor may substitute an example based on an interest rate that is greater than 17 percent. Any creditor that is subject to subparagraph (B) may elect to provide the disclosure required under subparagraph (A) in lieu of the disclosure required under subparagraph (B).

      "(E) The Board shall, by rule, periodically recalculate, as necessary, the interest rate and repayment period under subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C).

      "(F)(i) The toll-free telephone number disclosed by a creditor or the Federal Trade Commission under subparagraph (A), (B), or (G), as appropriate, may be a toll-free telephone number established and maintained by the creditor or the Federal Trade Commission, as appropriate, or may be a toll-free telephone number established and maintained by a third party for use by the creditor or multiple creditors or the Federal Trade Commission, as appropriate. The toll-free telephone number may connect consumers to an automated device through which consumers may obtain information described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C), by inputting information using a touch-tone telephone or similar device, if consumers whose telephones are not equipped to use such automated device are provided the opportunity to be connected to an individual from whom the information described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C), as applicable, may be obtained. A person that receives a request for information described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) from an obligor through the toll-free telephone number disclosed under subparagraph (A), (B), or (C), as applicable, shall disclose in response to such request only the information set forth in the table promulgated by the Board under subparagraph (H)(i).

      "(ii)(I) The Board shall establish and maintain for a period not to exceed 24 months following the effective date of the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005, a toll-free telephone number, or provide a toll-free telephone number established and maintained by a third party, for use by creditors that are depository institutions (as defined in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act), including a Federal credit union or State credit union (as defined in section 101 of the Federal Credit Union Act), with total assets not exceeding $250,000,000. The toll-free telephone number may connect consumers to an automated device through which consumers may obtain information described in subparagraph (A) or (B), as applicable, by inputting information using a touch-tone telephone or similar device, if consumers whose telephones are not equipped to use such automated device are provided the opportunity to be connected to an individual from whom the information described in subparagraph (A) or (B), as applicable, may be obtained. A person that receives a request for information described in subparagraph (A) or (B) from an obligor through the toll-free telephone number disclosed under subparagraph (A) or (B), as applicable, shall disclose in response to such request only the information set forth in the table promulgated by the Board under subparagraph (H)(i). The dollar amount contained in this subclause shall be adjusted according to an indexing mechanism established by the Board.

      "(II) Not later than 6 months prior to the expiration of the 24-month period referenced in subclause (I), the Board shall submit to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Financial Services of the House of Representatives a report on the program described in subclause (I).

      "(G) The Federal Trade Commission shall establish and maintain a toll-free number for the purpose of providing to consumers the information required to be disclosed under subparagraph (C).

      "(H) The Board shall—

        "(i) establish a detailed table illustrating the approximate number of months that it would take to repay an outstanding balance if a consumer pays only the required minimum monthly payments and if no other advances are made, which table shall clearly present standardized information to be used to disclose the information required to be disclosed under subparagraph (A), (B), or (C), as applicable;

        "(ii) establish the table required under clause (i) by assuming—

          "(I) a significant number of different annual percentage rates;

          "(II) a significant number of different account balances;

          "(III) a significant number of different minimum payment amounts; and

          "(IV) that only minimum monthly payments are made and no additional extensions of credit are obtained; and

        "(iii) promulgate regulations that provide instructional guidance regarding the manner in which the information contained in the table established under clause (i) should be used in responding to the request of an obligor for any information required to be disclosed under subparagraph (A), (B), or (C).

      "(I) The disclosure requirements of this paragraph do not apply to any charge card account, the primary purpose of which is to require payment of charges in full each month.

      "(J) A creditor that maintains a toll-free telephone number for the purpose of providing customers with the actual number of months that it will take to repay the customer's outstanding balance is not subject to the requirements of subparagraph (A) or (B).

      "(K) A creditor that maintains a toll-free telephone number for the purpose of providing customers with the actual number of months that it will take to repay an outstanding balance shall include the following statement on each billing statement: 'Making only the minimum payment will increase the interest you pay and the time it takes to repay your balance. For more information, call this toll-free number: XXXX.' (the blank space to be filled in by the creditor).".

    (b) REGULATORY IMPLEMENTATION.—

      (1) IN GENERAL.—The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (hereafter in this title referred to as the "Board") shall promulgate regulations implementing the requirements of section 127(b)(11) of the Truth in Lending Act, as added by subsection (a) of this section.

      (2) EFFECTIVE DATE.—Section 127(b)(11) of the Truth in Lending Act, as added by subsection (a) of this section, and the regulations issued under paragraph (1) of this subsection shall not take effect until the later of—

        (A) 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act; or

        (B) 12 months after the publication of such final regulations by the Board.

    (c) STUDY OF FINANCIAL DISCLOSURES.—

      (1) IN GENERAL.—The Board may conduct a study to determine the types of information available to potential borrowers from consumer credit lending institutions regarding factors qualifying potential borrowers for credit, repayment requirements, and the consequences of default.

      (2) FACTORS FOR CONSIDERATION.—In conducting a study under paragraph (1), the Board should, in consultation with the other Federal banking agencies (as defined in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act), the National Credit Union Administration, and the Federal Trade Commission, consider the extent to which—

        (A) consumers, in establishing new credit arrangements, are aware of their existing payment obligations, the need to consider those obligations in deciding to take on new credit, and how taking on excessive credit can result in financial difficulty;

        (B) minimum periodic payment features offered in connection with open end credit plans impact consumer default rates;

        (C) consumers make only the required minimum payment under open end credit plans;

        (D) consumers are aware that making only required minimum payments will increase the cost and repayment period of an open end credit obligation; and

        (E) the availability of low minimum payment options is a cause of consumers experiencing financial difficulty.

      (3) REPORT TO CONGRESS.—Findings of the Board in connection with any study conducted under this subsection shall be submitted to Congress. Such report shall also include recommendations for legislative initiatives, if any, of the Board, based on its findings.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1302. ENHANCED DISCLOSURE FOR CREDIT EXTENSIONS SECURED BY A DWELLING.

    (a) OPEN END CREDIT EXTENSIONS.—

      (1) CREDIT APPLICATIONS.—Section 127A(a)(13) of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1637a(a)(13)) is amended—

        (A) by striking "CONSULTATION OF TAX ADVISER.—A statement that the" and inserting the following: "TAX DEDUCTIBILITY.—A statement that—
        "(A) the"; and

        (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting the following: "; and
        "(B) in any case in which the extension of credit exceeds the fair market value (as defined under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) of the dwelling, the interest on the portion of the credit extension that is greater than the fair market value of the dwelling is not tax deductible for Federal income tax purposes.".

      (2) CREDIT ADVERTISEMENTS.—Section 147(b) of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1665b(b)) is amended—

        (A) by striking "If any" and inserting the following:
      "(1) IN GENERAL.—If any"; and

        (B) by adding at the end the following:
      "(2) CREDIT IN EXCESS OF FAIR MARKET VALUE.—Each advertisement described in subsection (a) that relates to an extension of credit that may exceed the fair market value of the dwelling, and which advertisement is disseminated in paper form to the public or through the Internet, as opposed to by radio or television, shall include a clear and conspicuous statement that—
        "(A) the interest on the portion of the credit extension that is greater than the fair market value of the dwelling is not tax deductible for Federal income tax purposes; and
        "(B) the consumer should consult a tax adviser for further information regarding the deductibility of interest and charges.".

    (b) NON-OPEN END CREDIT EXTENSIONS.—

      (1) CREDIT APPLICATIONS.—Section 128 of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1638) is amended—

        (A) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following:
      "(15) In the case of a consumer credit transaction that is secured by the principal dwelling of the consumer, in which the extension of credit may exceed the fair market value of the dwelling, a clear and conspicuous statement that—
        "(A) the interest on the portion of the credit extension that is greater than the fair market value of the dwelling is not tax deductible for Federal income tax purposes; and
        "(B) the consumer should consult a tax adviser for further information regarding the deductibility of interest and charges."; and

        (B) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following:
    "(3) In the case of a credit transaction described in paragraph (15) of subsection (a), disclosures required by that paragraph shall be made to the consumer at the time of application for such extension of credit.".

      (2) CREDIT ADVERTISEMENTS.—Section 144 of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1664) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    "(e) Each advertisement to which this section applies that relates to a consumer credit transaction that is secured by the principal dwelling of a consumer in which the extension of credit may exceed the fair market value of the dwelling, and which advertisement is disseminated in paper form to the public or through the Internet, as opposed to by radio or television, shall clearly and conspicuously state that—
      "(1) the interest on the portion of the credit extension that is greater than the fair market value of the dwelling is not tax deductible for Federal income tax purposes; and
      "(2) the consumer should consult a tax adviser for further information regarding the deductibility of interest and charges.".

    (c) REGULATORY IMPLEMENTATION.—

      (1) IN GENERAL.—The Board shall promulgate regulations implementing the amendments made by this section.

      (2) EFFECTIVE DATE.—Regulations issued under paragraph (1) shall not take effect until the later of—

        (A) 12 months after the date of enactment of this Act; or

        (B) 12 months after the date of publication of such final regulations by the Board.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1303. DISCLOSURES RELATED TO "INTRODUCTORY RATES".

    (a) INTRODUCTORY RATE DISCLOSURES.—Section 127(c) of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1637(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
      "(6) ADDITIONAL NOTICE CONCERNING "INTRODUCTORY RATES".—
        "(A) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in subparagraph (B), an application or solicitation to open a credit card account and all promotional materials accompanying such application or solicitation for which a disclosure is required under paragraph (1), and that offers a temporary annual percentage rate of interest, shall—
          "(i) use the term 'introductory' in immediate proximity to each listing of the temporary annual percentage rate applicable to such account, which term shall appear clearly and conspicuously;
          "(ii) if the annual percentage rate of interest that will apply after the end of the temporary rate period will be a fixed rate, state in a clear and conspicuous manner in a prominent location closely proximate to the first listing of the temporary annual percentage rate (other than a listing of the temporary annual percentage rate in the tabular format described in section 122(c)), the time period in which the introductory period will end and the annual percentage rate that will apply after the end of the introductory period; and
          "(iii) if the annual percentage rate that will apply after the end of the temporary rate period will vary in accordance with an index, state in a clear and conspicuous manner in a prominent location closely proximate to the first listing of the temporary annual percentage rate (other than a listing in the tabular format prescribed by section 122(c)), the time period in which the introductory period will end and the rate that will apply after that, based on an annual percentage rate that was in effect within 60 days before the date of mailing the application or solicitation.
        "(B) EXCEPTION.—Clauses (ii) and (iii) of subparagraph (A) do not apply with respect to any listing of a temporary annual percentage rate on an envelope or other enclosure in which an application or solicitation to open a credit card account is mailed.
        "(C) CONDITIONS FOR INTRODUCTORY RATES.—An application or solicitation to open a credit card account for which a disclosure is required under paragraph (1), and that offers a temporary annual percentage rate of interest shall, if that rate of interest is revocable under any circumstance or upon any event, clearly and conspicuously disclose, in a prominent manner on or with such application or solicitation—
          "(i) a general description of the circumstances that may result in the revocation of the temporary annual percentage rate; and
          "(ii) if the annual percentage rate that will apply upon the revocation of the temporary annual percentage rate—
            "(I) will be a fixed rate, the annual percentage rate that will apply upon the revocation of the temporary annual percentage rate; or
            "(II) will vary in accordance with an index, the rate that will apply after the temporary rate, based on an annual percentage rate that was in effect within 60 days before the date of mailing the application or solicitation.
        "(D) DEFINITIONS.—In this paragraph—
          "(i) the terms 'temporary annual percentage rate of interest' and 'temporary annual percentage rate' mean any rate of interest applicable to a credit card account for an introductory period of less than 1 year, if that rate is less than an annual percentage rate that was in effect within 60 days before the date of mailing the application or solicitation; and
          "(ii) the term 'introductory period' means the maximum time period for which the temporary annual percentage rate may be applicable.
        "(E) RELATION TO OTHER DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS.—Nothing in this paragraph may be construed to supersede subsection (a) of section 122, or any disclosure required by paragraph (1) or any other provision of this subsection.".

    (b) REGULATORY IMPLEMENTATION.—

      (1) IN GENERAL.—The Board shall promulgate regulations implementing the requirements of section 127(c)(6) of the Truth in Lending Act, as added by this section.

      (2) EFFECTIVE DATE.—Section 127(c)(6) of the Truth in Lending Act, as added by this section, and regulations issued under paragraph (1) of this subsection shall not take effect until the later of—
        (A) 12 months after the date of enactment of this Act; or

        (B) 12 months after the date of publication of such final regulations by the Board.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1304. INTERNET-BASED CREDIT CARD SOLICITATIONS.

    (a) INTERNET-BASED SOLICITATIONS.—Section 127(c) of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1637(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
      "(7) INTERNET-BASED SOLICITATIONS.—
        "(A) IN GENERAL.—In any solicitation to open a credit card account for any person under an open end consumer credit plan using the Internet or other interactive computer service, the person making the solicitation shall clearly and conspicuously disclose—
          "(i) the information described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1); and
          "(ii) the information described in paragraph (6).
        "(B) FORM OF DISCLOSURE.—The disclosures required by subparagraph (A) shall be—
          "(i) readily accessible to consumers in close proximity to the solicitation to open a credit card account; and
          "(ii) updated regularly to reflect the current policies, terms, and fee amounts applicable to the credit card account.
        "(C) DEFINITIONS.—For purposes of this paragraph—
          "(i) the term 'Internet' means the international computer network of both Federal and non-Federal interoperable packet switched data networks; and
          "(ii) the term 'interactive computer service' means any information service, system, or access software provider that provides or enables computer access by multiple users to a computer server, including specifically a service or system that provides access to the Internet and such systems operated or services offered by libraries or educational institutions.".

    (b) REGULATORY IMPLEMENTATION.—

      (1) IN GENERAL.—The Board shall promulgate regulations implementing the requirements of section 127(c)(7) of the Truth in Lending Act, as added by this section.

      (2) EFFECTIVE DATE.—The amendment made by subsection (a) and the regulations issued under paragraph (1) of this subsection shall not take effect until the later of—

        (A) 12 months after the date of enactment of this Act; or

        (B) 12 months after the date of publication of such final regulations by the Board.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1305. DISCLOSURES RELATED TO LATE PAYMENT DEADLINES AND PENALTIES.

    (a) DISCLOSURES RELATED TO LATE PAYMENT DEADLINES AND PENALTIES.—Section 127(b) of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1637(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
      "(12) If a late payment fee is to be imposed due to the failure of the obligor to make payment on or before a required payment due date, the following shall be stated clearly and conspicuously on the billing statement:
        "(A) The date on which that payment is due or, if different, the earliest date on which a late payment fee may be charged.
        "(B) The amount of the late payment fee to be imposed if payment is made after such date.".

    (b) REGULATORY IMPLEMENTATION.—

      (1) IN GENERAL.—The Board shall promulgate regulations implementing the requirements of section 127(b)(12) of the Truth in Lending Act, as added by this section.

      (2) EFFECTIVE DATE.—The amendment made by subsection (a) and regulations issued under paragraph (1) of this subsection shall not take effect until the later of—

        (A) 12 months after the date of enactment of this Act;  or

        (B) 12 months after the date of publication of such final regulations by the Board.

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1306. PROHIBITION ON CERTAIN ACTIONS FOR FAILURE TO INCUR FINANCE CHARGES.

    (a) PROHIBITION ON CERTAIN ACTIONS FOR FAILURE TO INCUR FINANCE CHARGES.—Section 127 of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1637) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    "(h) PROHIBITION ON CERTAIN ACTIONS FOR FAILURE TO INCUR FINANCE CHARGES.—A creditor of an account under an open end consumer credit plan may not terminate an account prior to its expiration date solely because the consumer has not incurred finance charges on the account. Nothing in this subsection shall prohibit a creditor from terminating an account for inactivity in 3 or more consecutive months.".

    (b) REGULATORY IMPLEMENTATION.—

      (1) IN GENERAL.—The Board shall promulgate regulations implementing the requirements of section 127(h) of the Truth in Lending Act, as added by this section.

      (2) EFFECTIVE DATE.—The amendment made by subsection (a) and regulations issued under paragraph (1) of this subsection shall not take effect until the later of—

        (A) 12 months after the date of enactment of this Act; or

        (B) 12 months after the date of publication of such final regulations by the Board.

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1307. DUAL USE DEBIT CARD.

    (a) REPORT.—The Board may conduct a study of, and present to Congress a report containing its analysis of, consumer protections under existing law to limit the liability of consumers for unauthorized use of a debit card or similar access device. Such report, if submitted, shall include recommendations for legislative initiatives, if any, of the Board, based on its findings.

    (b) CONSIDERATIONS.—In preparing a report under subsection (a), the Board may include—

      (1) the extent to which section 909 of the Electronic Fund Transfer Act (15 U.S.C. 1693g), as in effect at the time of the report, and the implementing regulations promulgated by the Board to carry out that section provide adequate unauthorized use liability protection for consumers;

      (2) the extent to which any voluntary industry rules have enhanced or may enhance the level of protection afforded consumers in connection with such unauthorized use liability; and

      (3) whether amendments to the Electronic Fund Transfer Act (15 U.S.C. 1693 et seq.), or revisions to regulations promulgated by the Board to carry out that Act, are necessary to further address adequate protection for consumers concerning unauthorized use liability.

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1308. STUDY OF BANKRUPTCY IMPACT OF CREDIT EXTENDED TO DEPENDENT STUDENTS.

    (a) STUDY.—

      (1) IN GENERAL.—The Board shall conduct a study regarding the impact that the extension of credit described in paragraph (2) has on the rate of cases filed under title 11 of the United States Code.

      (2) EXTENSION OF CREDIT.—The extension of credit described in this paragraph is the extension of credit to individuals who are—

        (A) claimed as dependents for purposes of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; and

        (B) enrolled within 1 year of successfully completing all required secondary education requirements and on a full-time basis, in postsecondary educational institutions.

    (b) REPORT.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Board shall submit to the Senate and the House of Representatives a report summarizing the results of the study conducted under subsection (a).

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1309. CLARIFICATION OF CLEAR AND CONSPICUOUS.

    (a) REGULATIONS.—Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Board, in consultation with the other Federal banking agencies (as defined in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act), the National Credit Union Administration Board, and the Federal Trade Commission, shall promulgate regulations to provide guidance regarding the meaning of the term "clear and conspicuous", as used in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of section 127(b)(11) and clauses (ii) and (iii) of section 127(c)(6)(A) of the Truth in Lending Act.

    (b) EXAMPLES.—Regulations promulgated under subsection (a) shall include examples of clear and conspicuous model disclosures for the purposes of disclosures required by the provisions of the Truth in Lending Act referred to in subsection (a).

    (c)  STANDARDS.—In promulgating regulations under this section, the Board shall ensure that the clear and conspicuous standard required for disclosures made under the provisions of the Truth in Lending Act referred to in subsection (a) can be implemented in a manner which results in disclosures which are reasonably understandable and designed to call attention to the nature and significance of the information in the notice.

 

 

 

 


TITLE XIV—PREVENTING CORPORATE BANKRUPTCY ABUSE

SEC. 1401. EMPLOYEE WAGE AND BENEFIT PRIORITIES.

    Section 507(a) of title 11, United States Code, as amended by section 212, is amended—

      (1) in paragraph (4) by striking "90" and inserting "180", and

      (2) in paragraphs (4) and (5) by striking "$4,000" and inserting "$10,000".


SEC. 1402. FRAUDULENT TRANSFERS AND OBLIGATIONS.

    Section 548 of title 11, United States Code, is amended—

      (1) in subsections (a) and (b) by striking "one year" and inserting "2 years",

      (2) in subsection (a)

        (A) by inserting "(including any transfer to or for the benefit of an insider under an employment contract)" after "transfer" the 1st place it appears, and

        (B) by inserting "(including any obligation to or for the benefit of an insider under an employment contract)" after "obligation" the 1st place it appears, and

        (A) in subclause (II) by striking "or" at the end,

        (B) in subclause (III) by striking the period at the end and inserting "; or", and

        (C) by adding at the end the following:
      "(IV) made such transfer to or for the benefit of an insider, or incurred such obligation to or for the benefit of an insider, under an employment contract and not in the ordinary course of business.".

      (4) by adding at the end the following:

    "(e)(1) In addition to any transfer that the trustee may otherwise avoid, the trustee may avoid any transfer of an interest of the debtor in property that was made on or within 10 years before the date of the filing of the petition, if—

      "(A) such transfer was made to a self-settled trust or similar device;

      "(B) such transfer was by the debtor;

      "(C) the debtor is a beneficiary of such trust or similar device; and

      "(D) the debtor made such transfer with actual intent to hinder, delay, or defraud any entity to which the debtor was or became, on or after the date that such transfer was made, indebted.

    "(2) For the purposes of this subsection, a transfer includes a transfer made in anticipation of any money judgment, settlement, civil penalty, equitable order, or criminal fine incurred by, or which the debtor believed would be incurred by—

      "(A) any violation of the securities laws (as defined in section 3(a)(47) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78c(a)(47))), any State securities laws, or any regulation or order issued under Federal securities laws or State securities laws; or

      "(B) fraud, deceit, or manipulation in a fiduciary capacity or in connection with the purchase or sale of any security registered under section 12 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78l and 78o(d)) or under section 6 of the Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. 77f).".

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1403. PAYMENT OF INSURANCE BENEFITS TO RETIRED EMPLOYEES.

    Section 1114 of title 11, United States Code, is amended—

      (1) by redesignating subsection (l) as subsection (m), and

      (2) by inserting after subsection (k) the following:
    "(l) If the debtor, during the 180-day period ending on the date of the filing of the petition—
      "(1) modified retiree benefits; and
      "(2) was insolvent on the date such benefits were modified;
    the court, on motion of a party in interest, and after notice and a hearing, shall issue an order reinstating as of the date the modification was made, such benefits as in effect immediately before such date unless the court finds that the balance of the equities clearly favors such modification.".

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1404. DEBTS NONDISCHARGEABLE IF INCURRED IN VIOLATION OF SECURITIES FRAUD LAWS.

    (a) PREPETITION AND POSTPETITION EFFECT.—Section 523(a)(19)(B) of title 11, United States Code, is amended by inserting ", before, on, or after the date on which the petition was filed," after "results".

    (b) EFFECTIVE DATE UPON ENACTMENT OF SARBANES-OXLEY ACT.—The amendment made by subsection (a) is effective beginning July 30, 2002.


SEC. 1405. APPOINTMENT OF TRUSTEE IN CASES OF SUSPECTED FRAUD.

    Section 1104 of title 11, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    "(e) The United States trustee shall move for the appointment of a trustee under subsection (a) if there are reasonable grounds to suspect that current members of the governing body of the debtor, the debtor's chief executive or chief financial officer, or members of the governing body who selected the debtor's chief executive or chief financial officer, participated in actual fraud, dishonesty, or criminal conduct in the management of the debtor or the debtor's public financial reporting.".


SEC. 1406. EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENTS.

    (a) EFFECTIVE DATE.—Except as provided in subsection (b), this title and the amendments made by this title shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.

    (b) APPLICATION OF AMENDMENTS.—

      (1) IN GENERAL.—cept as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this title shall apply only with respect to cases commenced under title 11 of the United States Code on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

      (2) AVOIDANCE PERIOD.—The amendment made by section 1402(1) shall apply only with respect to cases commenced under title 11 of the United States Code more than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

 

 

 

 


So in the original.  Should probably read "Except".


TITLE XV—GENERAL EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENTS

SEC. 1501. EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENTS.

    (a) EFFECTIVE DATE.—Except as otherwise provided in this Act, this Act and the amendments made by this Act shall take effect 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act.

    (b) APPLICATION OF AMENDMENTS.—

      (1) IN GENERAL.—Except as otherwise provided in this Act and paragraph (2), the amendments made by this Act shall not apply with respect to cases commenced under title 11, United States Code, before the effective date of this Act.

      (2) CERTAIN LIMITATIONS APPLICABLE TO DEBTORS.—The amendments made by sections 308, 322, and 330 shall apply with respect to cases commenced under title 11, United States Code, on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

 

 

 

 


SEC. 1502. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

    (a) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO TITLE 11 OF THE UNITED STATES CODE.—Title 11 of the United States Code, as amended by the preceding provisions of this Act, is amended—

      (1) in section 507

        (A) in subsection (a)

          (i) in paragraph (5)(B)(ii) by striking "paragraph (3)" and inserting "paragraph (4)"; and

          (ii) in paragraph (8)(D) by striking "paragraph (3)" and inserting "paragraph (4)";

        (B) in subsection (b) by striking "subsection (a)(1)" and inserting "subsection (a)(2)"; and

        (C) in subsection (d) by striking "subsection (a)(3)" and inserting "subsection (a)(1)";

      (2) in section 523(a)(1)(A) by striking "507(a)(2)" and inserting "507(a)(3)";

      (3) in section 752(a) by striking "507(a)(1)" and inserting "507(a)(2)";

      (4) in section 766

        (A) in subsection (h) by striking "507(a)(1)" and inserting "507(a)(2)"; and

        (B) in subsection (i) by striking "507(a)(1)" each place it appears and inserting "507(a)(2)";

      (5) in section 901(a) by striking "507(a)(1)" and inserting "507(a)(2)";

      (6) in section 943(b)(5) by striking "507(a)(1)" and inserting "507(a)(2)";

      (7) in section 1123(a)(1) by striking "507(a)(1), 507(a)(2)" and inserting "507(a)(2), 507(a)(3)";

        (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking "507(a)(1) or 507(a)(2)" and inserting "507(a)(2) or 507(a)(3)"; and

        (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking "507(a)(3)" and inserting "507(a)(1)";

      (9) in section 1226(b)(1) by striking "507(a)(1)" and inserting "507(a)(2)"; and

      (10) in section 1326(b)(1) by striking "507(a)(1)" and inserting "507(a)(2)".

    (b) RELATED CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—Section 6(e) of the Securities Investor Protection Act of 1970 (15 U.S.C. 78fff(e)) is amended by striking "507(a)(1)" and inserting "507(a)(2)".

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Vice President of the United States and

President of the Senate.


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